Is fluoride a dangerous substance to human? Is it really essential for the prevent of tooth decay?
Fluoride has been recommended by dentists to prevent cavities for years. Today, a lot of toothpastes sold in the market contains fluoride. Fluoride has been added to our drinking by many countries. What actually is fluoride? There is natural fluoride which is a mineral which can be found in water sources especially underground water. However, most of the fluoride use in drinking water and toothpastes are man-made, called sodium fluroride, which is a by-product of the fertiliser and aluminium industry.
Sodium fluoride is highly toxic and is one of the main ingredients in rat poison, insecticide and poisons used to control pests. It is also an ingredient used in Prozac and Sarin Nerve Gas which is used by terrorists. Fluoride has been used to control the behavior and mood of human beings. The Nazis are known to have used fluoride in drinking water to control the prisoners and make them submissive.
Why is fluoride a dangerous substance in toothpaste? Most toothpastes contain enough fluoride to kill a small child in a matter of hours. What can kill rats and pests can certainly kill small children and cause permanent health damage to adults. Dental fluorosis occurs when children are exposed to high concentration of fluoride during the tooth development stage. In adults, long-term consumption of fluoride can cause:
1. Increased chances of bone fractures
2. Skeletal fluorosis, a bone disease caused by excessive consumption of fluoride.
3. Goiter – enlargement of the thyroid gland
4. Impotence, lowered testosterone and male infertility
5. Cancer especially bone cancer
6. Alzheimer’s disease and other degenerative brain disease like and Parkinson’s disease
Are you brushing your teeth and your children’s with rat posion?
Commercial toothpaste today are getting more complicated with ingredients meant to clean, whiten and keep teeth and gums healthy. But are all these ingredients safe? Many known brand toothpastes and mouthwashes contain potentially dangerous ingredients, which may penetrate through the tissue of your mouth, enter the blood stream, and build up in your organs. What are these ingredients and what are they actually?
Sodium Lauryl Sulfate
It is a combination of lauryl alcohol and mineral sodium sulphate, neutralize with sodium carbonate. It is a detergent and foaming agent. It is commonly found in shampoo, body wash, facial wash as well as engine degreaser and garage floor cleaners. It is toxic and is reported to cause allergic reations such as eye irritation and skin rashes. It penetrates your eyes, brain and liver. Long term use will degenerates cell membranes and caue cell mutation.
Commonly touted as an ingredient to prevent cavities but in actual fact it does not. Sodium Fluoride is the combination of sulphuric acid and fluorspar. Fluorspar is a mineral rich in calcium fluoride. The combination known as hydrofluoric acid, is a highly corrosive acid. Research have found have linked it to cancer. It is particularly dangerous for young children who tend to swallow the toothpaste after brushing their teeth. Many tothpaste contain enough fluoride to kill small child, which is why many toothpaste has a warning on their labels, “Not to be use by children under the age of 6 years.” As fluoride is corrosive, it can corrode the tooth enamel. Researchers are linking it to dental deformity, arthritis, allergic reactions and cancer. Fluoride poisoning caused darkened teeth, erosion of enamel and a whole lot of other problems including learning disabilities, kidney problems and brain lesions.
A thickening agent and stabilizer to give form to the toothpaste so that it can be stored and dispense It caused irritation to the eyes, skin and mucous membrane.
A dangerous artificial sweetener that is considered a potential carcinogen. Tests done on rats in the 1980s, showed the rodents developed bladder cancer.
FD & C Blue No. 1
These dyes are artificial colorings and are mostly made from coal tar, which are potential carcinogens. It is toxic and can cause allergic reactions. And tests done on rats produce cancerous tumors. These dyes can be absorbed through the skin on the lips.
Triclosan is a pesticide used for anitbacterial properties. Found many toothpaste and detergents. It is a chlorophenol, a type of chemical tha is suspected to cause cancer in humans. Reactions to this chemical include skin irritations, cold sweats, convulsions and in serious cases convulsions, coma and even death. Long term exposure to pesticide products can damage the liver, kidneys, heart and lungs.
Hydrated Silica is an abrasive made from a compound found in quartz and sand. Commonly used as a tooth whitener, it actually damages tooth enamel. Scratching the surface of the tooth with an abrasive damage the tooth enamel and prevents re-mineralization. It is like using sand to clean glass.
Dentures are false teeth worn replace missing teeth. Dentures are supported by surrounding soft and hard tissues of the mouth. Conventional dentures are removable however there are some which are bonded onto the teeth or dental implants. There are two kinds of denture, complete and partial denture. Complete dentures are for those who lost all their teeth in their upper or lower jaws or both. Partial denture is for those who have lost some of their teeth.
Veneers are thin shells made of porcelain which are bonded onto the front of the teeth so as to improve the colour or shape of the teeth. Veneers are usually used for aesthetic reasons although they can be used to protect a damaged tooth surface. They are used when teeth ar discoloured or poorly shaped.
A veneer is made by taking impressions of the teeth to make a mould. The laboratory technician then uses the mould to make a new veneer out of porcelain. In some cases, the dentist may first need to shave off a little bit of the tooth surface so that the venner can be fitted in.
When the veneer is ready, they will be placed on the teeth to check for color and fit. When it is satisfactory, veneer will then be cemented on to the tooth.
A crown is a cap that that is used to cover a tooth or dental implant. Crowns are often used when to strengthen the teeth and prevent it from further decay. They are usually bonded to the tooth using a dental cement. They can be made from different types of materials such as gold, metal or procelain.
To prepare a tooth for crowning, a lot of the tooth’s original structure must be remove first. This may include those parts that are still be healthy. One of the most common method of crowning a tooth is to make a dental impression of a prepared tooth and using that impression to fabricate the crown using the chosen materials. When the fabricated crown is ready, it will then be inserted at a subsequent dental appointment.
Dental implant is another method of resortation of missing teeth used by dentist. A dental implant is an artifically created dental root made of titanium. It is implanted into the jaw bone and fitted with crowns or bridges.
A bridge is a partial denture joined permanently to adjacent teeth or dental implants. Abridge is usually fabricated by first reducing the teeth on either side of the missing tooth/teeth. This is to accommodate the material to be used so that the shape and size of the fabricated teeth are right and correctly aligned and in contact with the opposing teeth. Bridges can be made of gold, porcelain or porcelain fused to metal.
Plaque is a biofilm that forms on the teeth. It is made up of large quantities of different types of bacteria. If it is not removed regularly, plaque buildup can lead to dental cavities and other oral diseases such as gingivitis. Over time, plaque will mineralize along the gum, forming a layer know as tartar. Tartari is the hardened form of dental plaque which cannot be removed by normal brushing of the teeth. It can only be removed by the dentist using specialized sharp instruments.
Bacteria in the mouth feed on the remains of foods and in the process they produce a certain type of acid. This acid dissolves the minerals such as calcium and phosphorus in the tooth enamel and this process known as “demineralisation”, leads to tooth decay. Saliva in the mouth neutralises the acids and leads to the return of the dissolved minerals to the tooth enamel This process is known as “remineralisation”. Thus is given the right conditions the teeth can repair themselves. However, saliva is unable to penetrate through plaque to neutralize the acid produced by the bacteria. So dental plaque must be remove in order for remineralisation to take place.
Regular brushing and flossing of teeth is the best way to prevent dental plaque buildup.
2) Dental Caries
Dental caries is an infectious disease that cause damage to the tooth structures. Also known as tooth decay or dental cavities, it can lead to pain and tooth loss. Dental caries has a long history dating back as far as the neolithic period. Today, it remains one of the most common diseases throughout the world.
Tooth decay is caused by certain types of bacteria in the mouth which feeds on the remaining food and in the process produce a type of acid which erodes the mineral on the surface of the tooth enamel. If left untreated, it will gradually lead to cavities in the tooth, causing pain and eventually tooth loss.
3) Periodontal Disease
Gingivitis is a term used to describe inflammation of the gum. It is commonly caused by plaque and is the most common form of non-destructive periodontal (gum) disease. If left untreated it may lead to periodontitis, which is a destructive form of periodontal disease. The symptoms of gingivitis include swollen gums, bright red or purple gums, gums that are tender or painful to the touch, and bleeding gums. Gingivitis can be prevented through daily brushing and flossing of the teeth. Preventing gum disease also benefits one’s heart as good oral health can reduce risk of cardiac disease.
Human beings usually have 20 primary or baby teeth and 32 permanent or adult teeth.Most teeth have identifiable features and are classified as incisors, canines, premolars, and molars. Incisors are primarily used for biting food, while molars are used primarily for grinding foods after they are already in bite size pieces inside the mouth.
In a set of primary teeth, ten are found in the upper jaw and ten in the lower jaw. When a child grows up, all his baby teeth will eventually be replaced with permanent or adult teeth.
A set of permanent teeth has 16 are found in the upper jaw and 16 in the lower jaw, making it a total of 32. A complete set of human teeth should have 8 incisors, 4 canines, 8 premolars, 12 molars which includes 4 “wisdom teeth”.
Parts of a Tooth
The tooth is divided into 2 main parts, the crown and the root. The crown comprise of the outer layer, the enamel and the inner layer, the dentine. The root is covered with cementum which houses the pulp canals.
The enamel is the most outer layer of the tooth. It is the only part of the tooth that is visible and is the hardest substance of the body. It is highly mineralized.
Dentin is the next layer after the enamel. As it is a softer layer than the enamel and decay easily if exposed. Once the enamel is worn out, the dentin is subject to severe cavities if not treated. Nevertheless, it is still a protective layer of the cementum and the pulp canal.
Cementum is a special substance that covers the root of a tooth. It is softer that the dentin.
The pulp is made of soft tissue, which contains blood vessels and nerves.
The human teeth are form from embryonic cells that grow, and erupt into the mouth. The development of the teeth begins during the different stages of fetal development. Primary teeth start to form between the sixth and eighth weeks in the womb, and permanent teeth begin to form in the twentieth week in the womb. Tooth eruption a process in tooth development in which the tooth becomes visible in the mouth.